Article V, U.S. Constitution | National Archives


article five convention

Apr 11,  · Under Article 5 of the Constitution, such a convention can be convened when requested by two-thirds of the states, and it is one of two ways to propose amendments to the nation's founding document. The other method — by which all previous constitutional amendments have been initiated — requires a two-thirds vote in both houses of Andrea Billups. Mar 06,  · Article V of our constitution allows for the states to call for a convention of states to limit the power and jurisdiction of the federal government through the proposal of constitutional amendments. Physicians should be the strongest supporters of this brilliantly-crafted states’ rights tool placed into our constitution by our founders. I support the Convention of States Project; a national effort to call a convention under Article V of the United States Constitution, restricted to proposing amendments that will impose fiscal restraints on the federal government, limit its power and jurisdiction, and impose term limits on .

Article Five of the United States Constitution - Wikipedia

Get breaking news and updates from Common Cause. Take Action With your help, we'll make sure the House votes for a more open, honest, and accountable democracy. Volunteer Learn how you can do more to strengthen democracy. Donate Make a contribution to support Common Cause today. This background memo was originally published in March A updated version was published in March A well-funded, highly coordinated national effort is underway to call a constitutional convention, under Article V of the U.

Constitution, for the first time in history. The result of such a convention could be a complete overhaul of the Constitution and supporters of the convention are dangerously close to succeeding. With special interest groups gaining more momentum, conservative advocates are just six states short of reaching the constitutionally-required state goal. They are targeting Republican-controlled legislatures in and are within striking distance, article five convention.

The unknowns surrounding a constitutional convention pose an unacceptable risk, particularly in the current polarized political climate. Calls for a convention are coming from right and left, with more money, article five convention, a stronger campaign structure, and national coordination on the right.

A number of major conservative organizations and donors, including Mercer family and Koch-funded groups such as the American Legislative Exchange Council ALEChave renewed and intensified efforts to thrust this issue into article five convention spotlight after years of inactivity. This memo that outlines the different campaigns calling for an Article V convention and why it is just a dangerous idea.

These calls for a constitutional convention represent the most serious threat to our democracy flying almost completely under the radar, article five convention. The U. The process that has always used for all 27 amendments added to the Constitution since is for an amendment to pass with a two-thirds vote in each chamber of Congress and then be ratified by three-fourths of the states. Throughout the year history of the U.

Constitution, an Article V convention has never been called by Congress. The Constitution offers no guidelines or rules on how a convention would work or if a convention can be limited to considering one amendment or subject. Since the Constitution offers no guidance on how applications for a convention should be counted, scholars have offered various legal opinions on the counting of convention applications, but it is generally agreed that all applications from two-thirds of the state legislatures 34 states should be on the same issue for a convention to be called.

The Congress, whenever two thirds of article five convention houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, article five convention, or, on the application of the legislatures of two thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three fourths of the several states, article five convention by conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or article five convention other mode of ratification may be proposed by the Congress; provided that no amendment which may be made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight article five convention in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article; and that no state, article five convention, without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate.

While there are several ongoing pro-convention campaigns, article five convention, the effort to add a federal balanced budget amendment BBA to the Constitution has progressed furthest. Some BBA proponents claim that by32 states had called for a convention for a balanced budget amendment.

Concerns about a potential runaway convention, plus an intensified drive to push a BBA through Congress, led over a dozen states to rescind their convention calls between and However, conservative interest groups have revived the convention plan, persuading more than a dozen state legislatures to pass Article V convention calls since Those will be the main targets for the sessions.

Had those four states not rescinded their article five convention, BBA convention proponents would be at 32 states, just two away from reaching the state goal. This proposal calls for a convention for the broad purposes of limiting the powers of the federal government, imposing fiscal restraints on federal spending, article five convention, and applying term limits for Members of Congress.

The vague language in the Convention of States proposal perfectly illustrates the threat of a runaway convention. The campaign has garnered major endorsements from other major conservative media personalities, elected officials, and special interest groups, including Senator Marco Rubio, former Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee, Texas Gov. Sarah Palin, Florida Gov.

In Septemberthe Convention of States held a mock article five convention to come up with proposed amendments to the Constitution. The results show how they plan to use a convention to implement an extreme agenda into the Constitution and how a convention cannot be limited. The changes they proposed found here would drastically alter the federal government and put civil rights and needed programs, including Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid, at risk.

The is also an effort underway to call an Article V constitutional convention for an amendment overturning the U. We support a constitutional amendment as one path — but oppose an Article V convention as the mechanism, for the reasons that are discussed later in this article five convention. At a time when extreme gerrymandering has created unprecedented polarization and big money buys access and influence for a few very wealthy special interests, a new constitutional convention would lead to chaos; the interests of everyday Americans would be shut out of the ultimate closed-door meeting.

There would be no way to limit the scope of a constitutional convention and no way to guarantee that our civil liberties and constitutional process would be protected, article five convention. During the sessions, Republican-controlled legislative chambers in Idaho, South Dakota, North Carolina, Utah, and Wyoming voted against calls for an Article V convention proposed by conservative groups. Likewise, Democratic controlled legislatures in Delaware, New Mexico, Maryland, and Nevada have rescinded their applications for an Article V convention for a balanced budget amendment in recent years.

The Convention could make its own rules and set its own agenda. Congress might try to limit the convention to one amendment or one issue, but there is no way to assure that the Convention would obey. Supreme Court Who knows what would come out of it? Second, difficult interpretive questions about the Bill of Rights or the scope of the taxing power or the article five convention power tend to arise one at a time, while questions surrounding the convention process would more or less need to be resolved all at once.

It says not a word expressly authorizing the states, Congress, or some combination of the two to confine the subject matter of a convention. It says not a word about whether Congress, in calculating whether the requisite 34 states have called for a convention, must or must not aggregate calls for a convention on, say, a balanced budget, with differently worded calls arising from related or perhaps even unrelated topics.

It says not a word prescribing that the make-up of a convention, as many conservatives imagine, will be one-state-one-vote as Alaska and Wyoming might hope or whether states with larger populations should be given larger delegations as California and New York would surely argue. Without established legal procedures, the entire document would be laid bare for wholesale revision.

Article V itself sheds no light on the most basic procedures article five convention such a convention. How many delegates does each state article five convention at the convention? Is it one state, one vote, article five convention, or do states with larger populations, like California, article five convention, get a larger share of the votes?

The Supreme Court has made at least one thing clear article five convention it will not intervene in the process or the result of a constitutional convention. The game has neither rules nor referees, article five convention. I hate to think of the article five convention scenario. There are no rules about conflicts of interest, disclosure of who is giving or expending money.

No rules exist that address political action committees, corporate or labor union involvement or how any other groups can or should participate. Not only might legitimate voices of the people be silenced by convention rules, but special interests may be given privilege to speak and affect the deliberations…there are no rules limiting what can be debated at a constitutional convention, article five convention.

Given the potential domination by special interests, who knows the result? In other words, anything and everything could be on the table, including fundamental constitutional rights. Nor are there any guarantees about who would participate or under what rules. Indeed, for these reasons, no constitutional convention has been called since the first in Rothgerber, article five convention, Jr. There are no certainties about article five convention a constitutional convention would play out, but the most likely outcome is that it would deepen our partisan divisions, article five convention.

Regardless of the ultimate outcome, the process itself would likely worsen our already vicious national politics. This is uncharted territory…We should not now abandon the very document that has held us together as a nation for over two and one quarter centuries. Rewriting the Constitution is a dangerous errand that would not only article five convention the legal ties that have kept us together for so long but would also undermine our sense of national identity and the way that view ourselves as a people.

We are not the founding fathers. This would be disastrous. Fallon Jr. This is the constitutional equivalent of opening a can of worms. While the goal to propose a balanced budget amendment may provide guidance to the convention, it would not have the force article five convention law…Put simply, the rewards of any constitutional change is not worth the risks of a convention. The First Amendment could disappear, article five convention, so could gun rights.

There is no guarantee that any of our current constitutionally protected rights would be included in a new constitution. The only guarantee is that all of those rights would be imperiled. In other words, a federal constitutional convention could propose amendments to eliminate the protections of free speech; the protections against racial discrimination; the protections of freedom of religion; or any of the other myriad provisions that presently provide the backbone of American law.

The Constitution does not specify how the delegates for such a convention would be chosen, how many delegates each state would have, what rules would apply at the convention or whether there would be any limits on what amendments the convention could consider, article five convention.

A convention that was called to address a specific issue, such as budget deficits, article five convention, might propose changes to freedom of speech, the right to keep and bear arms, the Electoral College or anything else in the Constitution. Nothing in article five convention Constitution constrains the process that would apply if a convention is actually called. SachAttorney General of Maryland But a convention could do great damage to a charter that, on balance, has worked pretty well for a pretty long time.

To take such a risk on behalf of a stupendously unworthy cause such as a balanced-budget amendment would be foolhardy in the extreme. Nothing in the Constitution gives Congress or the Supreme Court the power to tell the conventioneers what to do, or not do.

A convention might be tasked to draft a balanced budget amendment and then decide that it wants to radically change the nature of the federal government or its relationship with the states, article five convention. It might take up a passion of the moment by, say, limiting immigration by nationality or religious affiliation. But once assembled, those in attendance might find they have an appetite for more changes. Or to make this a more Christian nation by messing with the freedom to worship.

Or to act against mass shootings by taking out any right to bear arms. No one can say with certainty what the government would look like after they got done reinventing the country.

Liberal states might try to alter the Second Amendment. Conservatives might want to change the First Amendment making Christianity the official religion of the country. There are no limits or restrictions on what such a convention could address. There is no George Washington among us today.

But a convention, once convened, could go in other directions. Given the quality of the statesmen we have today compared with then, and given the dangerous polarization that marks the United States today, calling one now could spiral into unknown territory and is an exceedingly bad idea. Other ideas article five convention floating out there, too, including term limits for Congress, refiguring how federal judges are chosen or allowing a vote of state legislatures to override Supreme Court rulings.


34 States Call for Constitutional Convention — and Possible Rewrite |


article five convention


The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be . I support the Convention of States Project; a national effort to call a convention under Article V of the United States Constitution, restricted to proposing amendments that will impose fiscal restraints on the federal government, limit its power and jurisdiction, and impose term limits on . Jan 15,  · We part company with those pushing for an Article V convention, however, and we believe that a constitutional convention is not the right way .