Science fiction - Wikipedia

 

characteristics of science fiction literature

Science and Technology Maybe it's a bit of a no-brainer to say that science is a big part of science fiction. We'll also add technology to the mix, because science and technology are big in this genre. Science fiction (sometimes called Sci-Fi or simply SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that has been called the "literature of ideas".It typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, time travel, parallel universes, fictional worlds, space exploration, and extraterrestrial courya.tk often explores the potential consequences of scientific. Introduction. Science fiction is one of the most popular branches in the modern literature. At the same time, the origin of science fiction literature dates back to ancient times, when ancient writer attempted to represent their ideas in fictional forms and unite these fictional forms with their knowledge of the real life.


Science Fiction Characteristics


Science fiction sometimes called Sci-Fi or simply SF is a genre of speculative fiction that has been called the " literature of ideas ". It typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technologytime travelparallel universesfictional worldsspace explorationand extraterrestrial life.

It often explores the potential consequences of scientific innovations. Science fiction, whose roots go back to ancient timesis related to fantasyhorrorand superhero fiction, and contains many subgenres.

However its exact definition has long been disputed among authorscriticsand scholars, characteristics of science fiction literature. Science fiction literature, film, television, and other media have become popular and influential over much of the world. Besides providing entertainmentit can also criticizes present-day societyand is often said to inspire a " sense of wonder ". James Blish wrote: " Wells used the term originally to cover what we would today call "hard" science fictionin which a conscientious attempt to be faithful to already known facts as of the date of writing was the substrate on which the story was to be built, and if the story was characteristics of science fiction literature to contain a miracleit ought at least not to contain a whole arsenal of them.

Isaac Asimov said: "Science fiction can be defined as that branch of literature which deals with the reaction of human beings to changes in characteristics of science fiction literature and technology. Heinlein"A handy short definition of almost all science fiction might read: realistic speculation about possible future events, based solidly on adequate knowledge of the real world, past and present, and on a thorough understanding of the nature and significance of the scientific method.

Kornbluth's The Space Merchantsand concluded that the basic building block and distinguishing feature of a science fiction novel is the presence of the novum[7] a term Darko Suvin adapted from Ernst Bloch and defined as "a discrete piece of information recognizable as not-true, but also as not-unlike-true, characteristics of science fiction literature, not-flatly- and in the current state of knowledge impossible.

Lester del Rey wrote, "Even the devoted aficionado or fan—has a hard time trying to explain what science fiction is," and the lack of a "full satisfactory definition" is because "there are no easily delineated limits to science fiction.

Glassey described science fiction as U. Science fiction had its beginnings in ancient times when the line between myth and fact were blurred. Some consider it the first science-fiction novel.

Following the 18th-century development of the novel as a literary formMary Shelley's Frankenstein and The Last Man helped define the form of the science-fiction novel. Brian Aldiss has argued that Frankenstein was the first work of science fiction. Many critics consider H. Wells one of science fiction's most important authors, [41] [42] or even "the Shakespeare of science fiction. His science fiction imagined alien invasionbiological engineeringinvisibilityand time travel.

In his non-fiction futurologist works he predicted the advent of airplanesmilitary tanksnuclear weaponssatellite televisionspace traveland something resembling the World Wide Web. Edgar Rice Burroughs ' A Princess of Marspublished inwas the first of his three- decade -long planetary romance series of Barsoom novels which were set on Mars and featured John Carter as the hero.

In its first issue he wrote:. By 'scientifiction' I mean the Jules Verne, H. Wells and Edgar Allan Poe type of story—a charming romance intermingled with scientific fact and prophetic vision Not only do these amazing tales make tremendously interesting reading—they are always instructive. They supply knowledge New adventures pictured for us in the scientifiction of today are not at all impossible of realization tomorrow Many great science stories destined to be of historical interest are still to be written Posterity will point to them as having blazed a new trail, not only in literature and fiction, but progress as well.

Characteristics of science fiction literatureE, characteristics of science fiction literature. It is often called the first great space opera. This was followed by a Buck Rogers comic stripthe first serious science-fiction comic. InJohn W. Campbell became editor of Astounding Science Fictionan event which is sometimes considered the beginning of the Golden Age of Science Fictionwhich is characterized by stories celebrating scientific achievement and progress.

George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Fourpublished incharacteristics of science fiction literature an important work of dystopian science fiction. InRobert A. Heinlein's Starship Troopers marked a departure from his earlier juvenile stories and novels. In the s and s, characteristics of science fiction literature, New Wave science fiction was known for its embrace of a high degree of experimentation, both in form and in content, and a highbrow and self-consciously " literary " or " artistic " sensibility.

InPhilip K. It is the literary source of the Blade Runner movie franchise. Le Guin was set on a planet in which the inhabitants have no fixed gender. It is one of the most influential examples of social science fictionfeminist science fictionand anthropological science fiction. InC. Cherryh published Gate of Ivrel and Brothers of Earthwhich began her Alliance-Union universe future history series.

InWilliam Gibson's first novel, Neuromancerhelped popularize cyberpunk and the word " cyberspace ," a term he originally coined in his short story Burning Chrome. Emerging themes in late 20th and early 21st century science fiction include environmental issuesthe implications of the Internet and the expanding information universe, questions about biotechnologynanotechnologyand post-scarcity societies.

Clarkerose above the mostly B-movie offerings up to that time, both in scope and quality, and greatly influenced later science fiction films. Since the scharacteristics of science fiction literature, science fiction filmsalong with fantasyhorrorand superhero films, have dominated Hollywood's big-budget productions. Science fiction and television have consistently been in a close relationship, characteristics of science fiction literature.

Television or television-like technologies frequently appeared in science fiction long before television itself became widely available in the late s and early s.

The Twilight Zone the original seriesproduced and narrated by Rod Serlingwho also wrote or co-wrote most of the episodes, ran from to It featured fantasysuspenseand horror as well as science fiction, with each episode being a complete story.

The animated series The Jetsonswhile intended as comedy and only running for one season —predicted many inventions now in common use: flat-screen televisionsnewspapers on a computer -like screencomputer virusesvideo chattanning bedshome treadmillsand more.

It became a very popular and influential franchise with many films and television showsnovelsand other works and products. The miniseries V premiered in on NBC. Stargate SG-1 premiered in and ran for 10 seasons SyFylaunched in as The Sci-Fi Channel, [] specializes in science fiction, supernatural horrorand fantasy.

Science fiction's great rise in popularity during the first half of the 20th century was closely tied to the popular respect paid to science at that time, as well as the rapid pace of technological innovation and new inventions. Clarke and Star Trek. They also tend to support the space program and the idea of contacting extraterrestrial civilizations. Brian Aldiss described science fiction as " cultural wallpaper.

Crossover issues between the sciences and the humanities are crucial for the century to come. Science fiction has sometimes been used as a means of social protest.

George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four is often invoked in protests against governments and leaders who are seen as totalitarian.

Robotsartificial humanshuman clonesintelligent computersand their possible conflicts with human society have all been major themes of science fiction since, at least, the publication of Shelly's Frankenstein.

Feminist science fiction poses questions about social issues such as how society constructs gender rolesthe role reproduction plays in defining genderand the inequitable political or personal power of one gender over others.

Some works have illustrated these themes using utopias to explore a society in which gender differences or gender power imbalances do not exist, or dystopias to explore worlds in which gender inequalities are intensified, thus asserting a need for feminist work to continue. Libertarian science fiction focuses on the politics and social order implied by right libertarian philosophies with an emphasis on individualism and private propertyand in some cases anti-statism.

Climate fictionor "cli-fi," deals with issues concerning climate change and global warming. Science fiction is often said to generate a " sense of wonder.

It is an appeal to the sense of wonder. Deep within, whether they admit it or not, is a feeling characteristics of science fiction literature disappointment and even outrage that the outer world has invaded their private domain. They feel characteristics of science fiction literature loss of a 'sense of wonder' because what was once truly confined to 'wonder' has now become prosaic and mundane. The study of science fiction, or science fiction studiesis the critical assessment, interpretationand discussion of science fiction literaturefilmTV showsnew mediafandomand fan fiction.

Science fiction has historically been sub-divided between hard science fiction and soft science fiction —with the division centering on the feasibility of the science central to the story.

Some authorssuch as Tade Thompson and Jeff VanderMeerhave pointed out that stories that focus explicitly on physicsastronomymathematicsand engineering tend to be considered "hard" science fiction, while stories that focus on botanymycologyzoologyand the social sciences tend to be categorized as "soft," regardless of the relative rigor of the science.

Max Gladstone characteristics of science fiction literature "hard" science fiction as stories "where the math works," but pointed out that this ends up with stories that often seem "weirdly dated," as scientific paradigms shift over time. Ursula K.

Leguin also criticized the characteristics of science fiction literature traditional view on the difference between "hard" and "soft" SF: "The 'hard' science fiction characteristics of science fiction literature dismiss everything except, well, physicsastronomyand maybe chemistry.

Biologycharacteristics of science fiction literature, sociologyanthropology —that's not science to them, that's soft stuff. They're not that interested in what human beings do, really.

But I am. I draw on the social sciences a great deal. Respected authors of main-stream literature have written science fiction. Mary Shelley wrote a number of science fiction novels including Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheusand is considered a major writer of the Romantic Age.

Le Guin first asked: "Can a science fiction writer write a novel? The great novelists have brought us to see whatever they wish us to see through some character. Otherwise they would not be novelistsbut poetshistoriansor pamphleteers. Orson Scott Cardbest known for his science fiction novel Ender's Game and also an author of non-SF fiction, [] has postulated that in science fiction the message and intellectual significance of the work is contained within the story itself and, therefore, there need not be stylistic gimmicks or literary games.

Science fiction author and physicist Gregory Benford has stated: "SF is perhaps the defining genre of the twentieth centuryalthough its conquering armies are still camped outside the Rome of the literary citadels. Clarke's Rendezvous with Ramacharacteristics of science fiction literature, stands as "a hidden tombstone marking the death of characteristics of science fiction literature hope that SF was about to merge with the mainstream. Science fiction is being written, and has been written, by diverse authors from around the world.

Among the most respected and well-known awards for science fiction are the Hugo Award for literaturepresented by the World Science Fiction Society at Worldconand voted on by fans; [] the Nebula Award for literature, presented by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of Americaand voted on by the community of authors; [] the John W. There are other national awards, like Canada's Prix Aurora Awards[] regional awards, like the Endeavour Award presented at Orycon for works from the U.

Conventions in fandom, often shortened as "cons," such as " comic-con " are held in cities around the worldcatering to a local, characteristics of science fiction literature, regional, national, or international membership. Conventions may host award ceremonies. For instance, Worldcon presents the Hugo Awards each year. Science fiction fandom is the " community of the literature of ideas [,].

 

 

characteristics of science fiction literature

 

Science and Technology Maybe it's a bit of a no-brainer to say that science is a big part of science fiction. We'll also add technology to the mix, because science and technology are big in this genre. Science fiction (sometimes called Sci-Fi or simply SF) is a genre of speculative fiction that has been called the "literature of ideas".It typically deals with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, time travel, parallel universes, fictional worlds, space exploration, and extraterrestrial courya.tk often explores the potential consequences of scientific. There is no universally accepted definition of literary science fiction, but the genre is typically concerned with realistic speculation about alternative or future worlds and events. Science fiction differs from fantasy literature, which makes no attempt at plausibility.