Literature Review on Childhood Obesity Essay - Words | Bartleby

 

literature review on childhood obesity

Obesity has become a huge problem within the Western World over recent years. (34% of the adult population in the US in (Barness ( 75)). It is known from the general media that the incidences of childhood obesity are also on the increase. This review aims to . Apr 21,  · Childhood Obesity: Literature Review. Introduction. Obesity has for a long time been a subject of concern, not only for adults but also for children. Due to the serious health implications that obesity has, a lot of efforts have been made to devise ways to prevent it. This includes several studies that are aimed at understanding the prevalence. Dec 12,  · Childhood Obesity in the U.S. 1 A Literature Review of Childhood Obesity in the United States Jean Galiana 2. Childhood Obesity in the U.S. 2 A Literature Review of the Childhood Epidemic in the United States The World Health Organization (WHO) considers childhood obesity to be one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st Century.


Controlling childhood obesity: A systematic review on strategies and challenges


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Literature Review Childhood Obesity 1. For the first time in U. The physical suffering and chronic diseases that obese children are likely to experience are two of the negative outcomes of the obesity epidemic. The healthcare costs, and reduced economic productivity associated with obesity represent a major economic cost for our nation. Older interventions of childhood obesity focused on individual responsibility and education about the harmful physical effects of being obese.

Newer and more successful interventions involve collaboration of community, regional, public, and private organizations with state and local governments. This collaboration brings a united vision of changing the environments that lead to obesity and enacting policy that supports healthy active lifestyles.

This paper reviews the recent literature and describes the repercussions of the prevalence of childhood obesity in the U. In addition, this paper identifies and explores the main focus of interventions for childhood obesity.

Two case studies addressing these interventions will be presented. A systematic literature search was conducted from February through April of Search terms 3.

Medical journals were the predominant source used for this paper; 19 were cited. Research institutions were a useful source of information for this literature review. Also referenced is one U. Eleven independent research studies were cited as was one independent data website, Mayo Clinicand two newspapers. For adolescents, this rate has grown four times National Center for Health Statistics, Out of twenty-three million children aged two to nineteen, Over one half of the children who are obese today were overweight when they were two years old.

For youth ages twelve to nineteen, the obesity rate is Childhood obesity occurs when a child is far above the average weight for his or her height and age.

Obesity is defined as having an excessively high percent of body fat 4. The body mass index, BMIliterature review on childhood obesity, is a screening tool for determining whether a literature review on childhood obesity is literature review on childhood obesity or overweight.

Childhood obesity rates grow with age. Betweenthe obesity rates were as follows: children aged two to five, 8. Childhood obesity for those aged two to nineteen is more prevalent among African Americans, and Mexican Americans ethnic groups. Fromobesity disparities among these population segments were as follows: Year Black Hispanic White - There is a critical need for obesity interventions in childhood.

An adult is considered severely obese, also referred to as morbidly obese, when he or literature review on childhood obesity is pounds or more overweight.

However, this likelihood is not uniform across ethnic groups. Table 2 shows literature review on childhood obesity prevalence of obesity for various levels of low-income households.

Table 2. Bilgerfound that literature review on childhood obesity weights are not positively affected until a household is five times below the federal poverty level, which represents Their findings state that even if the income quadrupled for those One possible explanation is that adults are consuming less fast food. In literature review on childhood obesity food consumption was Other health complications include metabolic syndrome, 7.

The social and emotional complications of childhood obesity include low self- esteem and bullying, behavior and learning problems, and depression Mayo Clinic Staff. Socioeconomic Implications The physical suffering that obese people incur over a lifetime due to obesity related illnesses is not the only price paid for the epidemic.

The human and economic costs of childhood obesity are significant and have wide-ranging socioeconomic repercussions. Obesity drastically increases the occurrences of preventable chronic diseases.

One half of the U. Bythe national obesity rate is forecasted to reach A healthy workforce is a more productive workforce, literature review on childhood obesity, which is essential to growth literature review on childhood obesity a strong economy. An unhealthy workforce negatively affects labor productivity Chatterjee et al. Presenteesim lower production while at work related to obesity costs U, literature review on childhood obesity. This is more than the cost of the steel to produce one car.

The buyer absorbs these additional costs by the price they pay for the vehicle. For example, inGeneral Motors claimed that their mounting healthcare costs were an influence in their decision to cut 25, jobs. How can we possibly compete in the global economy with that kind of burden? They predict that if the Obese 9. The Brookings Institution research finds that lifetime costs of obesity are not nearly covered by shorter life expectancy Kasman et al.

The public health crisis of obesity causes human suffering in the form of disease and social discomfort. The economic effects of obesity spill over to the rest of the economy, primarily in the form of higher health care costs and reduced labor productivity.

While the epidemic seems to have stopped growing at the fast rates of the past, our society and economy stand to gain significant socioeconomic benefits and cost savings if we are able to reduce the prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States.

Areas of Intervention A focused national effort is essential to successfully combat childhood obesity in the United States. The initiatives in place are multi-sectored and cover a variety of environments. Local and state governments, and non-profit organizations partner with communities to create a healthier culture. Childhood anti-obesity incentive programs are directed toward the major factors contributing to obesity. Interventions are focused on areas where children live, literature review on childhood obesity, work and play.

This section examines selected cases that address the areas of community access to healthy affordable foods, literature review on childhood obesity, healthy school environments, and built environments that facilitate access to safe physical activity as strategies to reduce childhood obesity rates in the U.

Access to Healthy Foods The White House Task Force Report on Childhood Obesity determined that there is a positive relationship between a lack of access to healthy, affordable foods and According to the Task Force report, food deserts create food insecurity in some instances and that food insecure children are hungry more often than children in food secure homes.

 

Literature Review - Preventing Childhood Obesity - NCBI Bookshelf

 

literature review on childhood obesity

 

worldwide. While obesity is a widely researched topic for people within the general population, the writer found there is be a limited amount conducted within the intellectual disability population. Aim: The purpose of the present literature review was to investigate obesity within the . Obesity has become a huge problem within the Western World over recent years. (34% of the adult population in the US in (Barness ( 75)). It is known from the general media that the incidences of childhood obesity are also on the increase. This review aims to . Dec 12,  · Childhood Obesity in the U.S. 1 A Literature Review of Childhood Obesity in the United States Jean Galiana 2. Childhood Obesity in the U.S. 2 A Literature Review of the Childhood Epidemic in the United States The World Health Organization (WHO) considers childhood obesity to be one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st Century.