Internet Addiction: The Emergence of a New Clinical Disorder | HealthyPlace

 

research paper about internet addiction

This research paper attached hereto, entitle “A Study of Internet Addiction among Students of Sekolah Menengah Jenis Kebangsaan Pei Yuan, Kampar” prepared and submitted by “Yong Shu Qin” in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Bachelor of Social Science (Hons) Psychology is hereby accepted. Paper presented at the th annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada, August 15, ABSTRACT. Anecdotal reports indicated that some on-line users were becoming addicted to the Internet in much that same way that others became addicted to drugs or alcohol which resulted in academic, social, and occupational impairment. Furthermore, the current work gives a good overview of the current state of research in the field of internet addiction treatment. Despite the limitations stated above this work gives a brief overview of the current state of research on IAD from a practical perspective and can therefore be seen as an important and helpful paper for further Cited by:


Internet Addiction Research Papers - courya.tk


Researcher paper by Internet addiction expert, Dr, research paper about internet addiction. Kimberly Young on research paper about internet addiction of people becoming addicted to the Internet. Paper presented at the th annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada, August 15, Anecdotal reports indicated that some on-line users research paper about internet addiction becoming addicted to the Internet in much that same way that others became addicted to drugs or alcohol which resulted in academic, social, and occupational impairment.

However, research among sociologists, psychologists, or psychiatrists has not formally identified addictive use of the Internet as a problematic behavior. This study investigated the existence of Internet addiction and the extent of problems caused by such potential misuse, research paper about internet addiction. On the basis of this criteria, case studies of dependent Internet users Dependents and a control group of non-dependent Internet users Non-Dependents were classified.

Qualatative analyses suggests significant behavioral and functional usage differences between the two groups. Clinical and social implications of pathological Internet use and future directions for research are discussed. Recent reports indicated that some on-line users were becoming addicted to the Internet in much the same way that others became addicted to drugs, alcohol, or gambling, which resulted in academic failure Research paper about internet addiction, ; Murphey, research paper about internet addiction, ; reduced work performance Robert Half International,and even marital discord and separation Quittner, However, the concept of addictive Internet use has not been empirically researched.

Therefore, the purpose of this exploratory study was to investigate if Internet usage could be considered addictive and to identify the extent of problems created by such misuse. With the popularity and wide-spread promotion of the Internet, this study first sought to determine a set of criteria which would define addictive from normal Internet usage.

If a workable set of criteria could be effective in diagnosis, then such criteria could be used in clinical treatment settings and facilitate future research on addictive Internet use. By using Pathological Gambling as a model, Internet addiction can be defined as an impulse-control disorder which does not involve an intoxicant. Therefore, this study developed a brief eight-item questionnaire referred to as a Diagnostic Questionnaire DQ which modified criteria for pathological gambling to provide a screening instrument for addictive Research paper about internet addiction use:.

Respondents who answered "yes" to five or more of the criteria were classified as addicted Internet users Dependents and the remainder were classified as normal Internet users Non-Dependents for the purposes of this study.

The cut off score of "five" was consistent with the number of criteria used for Pathological Gambling. Additionally, there are presently ten criteria for Pathological Gambling, although two were not used for this adaptation as they were viewed non-applicable to Internet usage. Therefore, meeting five of eight rather than ten criteria was hypothesized to be a slightly more rigorous cut off score to differentiate normal from addictive Internet use.

It should be noted that while this scale provides a workable measure of Internet addiction, further study is needed to determine its construct validity and clinical utility.

It should also be noted that the term Internet is used to denote all types of on-line activity. Participants were volunteers who respondent to: a nationally and internationally dispersed newspaper advertisements, b flyers posted among local college campuses, c postings on electronic support groups geared towards Internet addiction e.

An exploratory survey consisting of both open-ended and closed-ended questions was constructed for this study that could be administered by telephone interview or electronic collection. The survey administered a Diagnostic Questionnaire DQ containing the eight-item classification list. Subjects were then asked such qustions as : a how long they have used the Internet, b how many hours per week they estimated spending on-line, c what types of applications they most utilized, d what made these particular applications attractive, e what problems, if any, did their Internet use cause in their lives, and f to rate any noted problems in terms of mild, moderate, or severe impairment.

Lastly, demosgraphic information from each subject such as age, gender, highest educational level achieved, and vocational background were also gathered. Telephone respondents were administered the survey verbally at an arranged interview time.

Electronic answers were sent in a text file directly to the principal investigator's electronic mailbox for analysis. Respondents who answered "yes" to five or more of the criteria were classified as addicted Internet users for inclusion in this study. A total of surveys in a three month period were collected with valid responses that were classifed from the DQ as Dependents and Non-Dependents. Research paper about internet addiction qualitative data gathered were then subjected to content analysis to identify the range of characteristics, behaviors and attitudes found.

The sample of Dependents included males and females. Mean ages were 29 for males, and 43 for females. Mean educational background was The sample of Non-Dependents included 64 males and 36 females. Mean ages were 25 for males, and 28 for females.

Mean educational background was 14 years. The following will outline the differences between the two groups, with an emphasis on the Dependents to observe attitudes, behaviors, and characteristics unique to this population of users. The length of time using the Internet differed substantially between Dependents and Non-Dependent. In many cases, Dependents had been computer illiterate and described how initially they felt intimidated by using such information technology.

However, they felt a sense of competency and exhilaration as their technical mastery and navigational ability improved rapidly. In order to ascertain how much time respondents spent on-line, they were asked to provide a best estimate of the number of hours per week they currently used the Internet.

It is important to note that estimates were based upon the number of hours spent "surfing the Internet" for pleasure or personal interest e. These estimates show that Dependents spent nearly eight times the number of hours per week as that of Non-Dependents in using the Internet. Dependents gradually developed a daily Internet habit of up to ten times their initial use as their familiarity with the Internet increased.

This may be likened tolerance levels which develop among research paper about internet addiction who gradually increase their consumption of alcohol in order to achieve the desired effect. In contrast, Non-Dependents reported that they spent a small percentage of their time on-line with no progressive increase in use. This suggests that excessive use may be a distinguishable characteristic of those who develop a research paper about internet addiction to on-line usage.

The Internet itself is a term which represents different types of functions that are accessible on-line. Table 1 displays the applications rated as "most utilized" by Dependents and Non-Dependents. Results suggested that differences existed among the specific Internet applications utilized between the two groups as Non-Dependents predominantly used those aspects of the Internet which allowed them to gather information i.

Comparatively, Dependents predominantly used the two-way communication functions available on the Internet i. Both applications allow multiple on-line users to simultaneously communicate in real time; similar to having a telephone conversation except in the form of typed messages.

The number of users present in these forms of virtual space can range from two to over thousands of occupants. Text scrolls quickly up the screen with answers, questions, or comments to one another, research paper about internet addiction. Sending a "privatize message" is another available option that allows only research paper about internet addiction single user to read a message sent. It should be noted that MUDs differ from chat rooms as these are an electronic spin off of the old Dungeon and Dragons games where players take on character roles.

There are literally hundreds of different MUDs ranging in themes from space battles to medieval duels. In order research paper about internet addiction log into a MUD, a user creates a character name, Hercules for example, who fights battles, duels other players, kills monsters, saves maidens or buys weapons in a make believe role playing game. MUDs can be social in a similar fashion as in chat room, but typically all dialogue is communicated while "in character.

News groups, or virtual bulletin board message systems, were the third most utilized application among Dependents, research paper about internet addiction. Research paper about internet addiction groups can range on a variety of topics from organic chemistry to favorite television programs to the best types of cookie-dough. Literally, there are thousands of specialized news groups that an individual user can subscribe to and post and read new electronic messages.

The World-Wide Web and Information Protocols, or database search engines that access libraries or electronic means to download files or new software programs, were the least utilized among Dependents. This may suggest that the database searches, while interesting and often times time-consuming, are not the actual reasons Dependents become addicted to the Internet.

Non-Dependents viewed the Internet as a useful resource tool and a medium for personal and business communication.

Dependents enjoyed those aspects of the Internet which allowed them to meet, socialize, and exchange ideas with new people through these highly interactive mediums. Dependents commented that the formation of on-line relationships increased their immediate circle of friends among a culturally diverse set of world-wide users. Additional probing revealed that Dependents mainly used electronic mail to arrange "dates" to meet on-line or to keep in touch between real time interactions with new found on-line friends.

On-line relationships were often seen as highly intimate, confidential, and less threatening than real life friendships and reduced loneliness perceived in the Dependent's life. Often times, Dependents preferred their "on-line" friends over their real life relationships due to the ease of anonymous communication and the extent of control in revealing personal information among other on-line users.

One major component of this study was to examine the extent of problems caused by excessive Internet use. Non-Dependents reported no adverse affects due to its use, except poor time management because they easily lost track of time once on-line.

However, Dependents reported that excessive use of the Internet resulted in personal, family, and occupational problems that have been documented in established addictions such as pathological gambling e. Problems reported were classified into five categories: academic, relationship, research paper about internet addiction, financial, occupational, and physical. Table 2 shows a breakdown of the problems rated in terms of mild, moderate, and severe impairment.

Although the merits of the Internet make it an ideal research tool, students experienced significant academic problems as they surf irrelevant web sites, research paper about internet addiction, engage in chat room gossip, converse with Internet penpals, research paper about internet addiction, and play interactive games at the cost of productive activity. Students had difficulty completing homework assignments, studying for exams, or getting enough sleep to be alert for class the next morning due to such Internet misuse.

Often times, they were unable to control their Internet use which eventually resulted in poor grades, academic probation, research paper about internet addiction, and even expulsion from the university.

Marriages, dating relationships, parent-child relationships, and close friendships were also noted to be poorly disrupted by excessive use of the Internet. Dependents gradually spent less time with real people in their lives in exchange for solitary time in front of a computer. Initially, Dependents tended to use the Internet as an excuse to avoid needed but reluctantly performed daily chores such as doing the laundry, cutting the lawn, or going grocery shopping.

Those mundane tasks were ignored as well as important activities such as caring for children. For example, one mother forgot such things as to pick up her children after school, to make them dinner, and to put them to bed because she became so absorbed in her Internet use. Loved ones first rationalize the obsessed Internet user's behavior as "a phase" in hopes that the attraction would soon dissipate, research paper about internet addiction.

However, when addictive behavior continued, arguments about the increased volume of time and energy spent on-line soon ensue, but such complaints were often deflected as part research paper about internet addiction the denial exhibited by Dependents. Dependents become angry and resentful at others who questioned or tried to take away their time from using the Internet, often times in defense of their Internet use to a husband or wife.

For example, "I don't have a problem," or "I am having fun, leave me alone," might be an addict's response. Finally, similar to alcoholics who hide their addiction, Dependents engaged in the same lying about how long their Internet sessions really lasted or they hide bills related to fees for Internet service.

These behaviors created distrust that over time hurt the quality of once stable relationships. Marriages and dating relationships were the most disrupted when Dependents formed new relationships with on-line "friends. Cybersex and romantic conversations were perceived as harmless interactions as these sexual on-line affairs did not involve touching and electronic lovers lived thousands of miles away.

However, Dependents neglected their spouses in place of rendezvous with electronic lovers, leaving no quality time for their marriages. Finally, Dependents continued to emotionally and socially withdraw from their marriages, exerting more effort to maintain recently discovered on-line relationships. Financial problems were reported among Dependents who paid for their on-line service. Instead of reducing the amount of time she spent on-line to avoid such charges, she repeated this process until her credit cards were over-extended.

Today, financial impairment is less of an issue as rates are being driven down. However, the movement towards flat rate fees raises another concern that on-line users are able to stay on-line longer without suffering financial burdens which may encourage addictive use.

 

Essay on Internet Addiction - Words | Bartleby

 

research paper about internet addiction

 

Apr 04,  · Asking for a help at EssayBasics is the best way to write a college essay and get a good mark.. Effects of Internet Addiction. Internet usage in the current generation, especially among the youths, has reached a point whereby most of the users have social, educational, psychological or occupational problems. This research paper attached hereto, entitle “A Study of Internet Addiction among Students of Sekolah Menengah Jenis Kebangsaan Pei Yuan, Kampar” prepared and submitted by “Yong Shu Qin” in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Bachelor of Social Science (Hons) Psychology is hereby accepted. Research Paper: Internet Addiction in High School Students and Its Relationship With the Symptoms of Mental Disorders Parvaneh Mohammadkhani 1, Emad Alkasir 1*, Abbas Pourshahbaz, Fatemeh Jafarian Dehkordi2, Erfan Soleimani Sefat3 1. Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.